• 1. Introduction
  • 2. Literature Review
  • 2.1 Optimal approaches
  • 2.2 Problem specific approximation methods
  • 2.3 Methaheuristics
  • 3. A Grouping Genetic Algorithm for solving the PDPTW
  • 3.1 Genetic search scheme
  • 3.2 Group-oriented genetic encoding for the PDPTW
  • 3.3 Genetic operators
  • 3.4 Embedded insertion heuristic
  • 4. Computational Study
  • 4.1 Benchmark Data Sets
  • 4.2 Numerical Results
  • 5. Conclusions