• 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodology
  • 2.1 Measuring time preference
  • .2 Measuring risk preference and loss aversion
  • 2.3 Measuring cultural dimensions
  • 2.4 The survey instrument
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Measured level of time discounting
  • 3.2 What correlates with time preference: Individual-level analysis
  • 3.3 What correlates with time preference: Country-level analysis
  • 4 Discussion and Applications
  • 4.1 General discussion
  • 4.2 Examples for possible applications
  • 4.3 Financial market and political institutions
  • 4.4 Future directions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References