Are humans resources?
Purpose – This paper aims to offer a critique, from a career studies perspective, of the common term “human resource management.” Design/methodology/approach – Provides a literature review and critique. Findings – The term “human resource management” is a metaphor that presents employees as passive commodities or assets rather than as active agents, and thereby potentially de-humanizes them. In an alternative view based on career studies, individual employees are active agents utilizing the resources of employing organizations to pursue personal goals. Alternative terms to “human resource management” are suggested. Research limitations/implications – There is scope for study of the effects of “human resources” terminology on employees' and others' view of and attitude to the human resource management function. Practical implications – Examination of “human resources” discourse may promote examination of the implications of current discourse for practice, facilitate moderation of practice, and stimulate the search for new discourse and new practice, by both organizations and individuals. Originality/value – This paper questions a prevailing and widely accepted form of discourse in management and advocates change.
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Emerald Group Publishing Limited
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Career Development International
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