• Part I Direct and Indirect Gender Discrimination in Old-Age Pensions in 33 EuropeanCountries
  • 1. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
  • 1.1 The purpose of the report
  • 1.2 Some technical concepts
  • 2. SOCIAL POLICY TRENDS
  • 2.1 Comparing old-age pension models in the perspective of gender equality:the traditional Three-Pillar Model vis-à-vis the World Bank Model
  • 2.2 General trends: old-age pension reforms and their impact on gender equality
  • 3. STATUTORY OLD-AGE PENSION SCHEMES (SCHEMES FALLING UNDERDIRECTIVE 79/7/EEC): THE MAIN FACTORS OF GENDER INEQUALITIES
  • 3.1 Statutory old-age pension schemes in Three-Pillar Model Countries
  • 3.2 Statutory old-age pension schemes in WBM Countries (schemes falling underDirective 79/7/EEC and schemes of the second tier of the first pillar/secondWBM pillar
  • 4. OCCUPATIONAL OLD-AGE PENSION SCHEMES (SCHEMES FALLING UNDERARTICLE 157 TFEU, DIRECTIVE 86/378/EEC, AS AMENDED BY DIRECTIVE96/97/EC, NOW ARTICLES 5-13 OF THE RECAST DIRECTIVE 2006/54/EC):THE MAIN FACTORS OF GENDER INEQUALITY
  • 4.1 Occupational old-age schemes in the Three-Pillar Model Countries(Second Pillar)
  • 4.2 Occupational old-age schemes in WBM Countries (WBM Third Pillar)
  • 5. APOSSIBLE ANSWER TO GENDER INEQUALITY IN OLD-AGE PENSION SYSTEMS
  • 5.1 Caring credits
  • 5.2 Best practices
  • 5.3 Reconciliation policies
  • 6 RECOMMENDATIONS AT THE EU LEVEL
  • 6.1 Changes in EU gender equality legislation
  • 6.2 The social policy level
  • Part II National Law: Reports from the Experts of the Member States, EEA Countries,Croatia, FYR of Macedonia and Turkey
  • AUSTRIA
  • BELGIUM
  • BULGARIA
  • CROATIA
  • CYPRUS
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
  • DENMARK
  • ESTONIA
  • FINLAND
  • FRANCE
  • GERMANY
  • GREECE
  • HUNGARY
  • ICELAND
  • IRELAND
  • ITALY
  • LATVIA
  • LIECHTENSTEIN
  • LITHUANIA
  • LUXEMBOURG
  • FYR of MACEDONIA
  • MALTA
  • THE NETHERLANDS
  • NORWAY
  • POLAND
  • PORTUGAL
  • ROMANIA
  • SLOVAKIA
  • SLOVENIA
  • SPAIN
  • SWEDEN
  • TURKEY
  • THE UNITED KINGOM
  • Annex I: Questionnaire
  • Annex II: Legal sources