Research on industrial relations in Germany is generally lagging behind if compared to the US or Great Britain. This holds true for all company size classes. Furthermore, most of the existing German studies and investigations are focussed on large enterprises, where organisational structures for worker representation aremandatory by law. This review provides a literature analysis in the area and examines small business, collective representation and bargaining, working and employment conditions, arbitration procedures, size and sector considerations. It concludes with policy implications.