• Table of Contents
  • Executive Summary 7
  • Report Overview 15
  • Chapter I: Productivity Performance Overview 17
  • Mary Ou0092Mahony* and Bart van Ark**
  • I.1 Introduction 17
  • I.2 An overview of EU-US productivity differentials 18
  • I.3 Performance measures and measurement issues 23
  • I.3.1 Why adopt an industry perspective? 23
  • I.3.2 The industry databases 24
  • I.4 A summary of the results 28
  • I.4.1 Sector Results 28
  • I.4.2 Decomposition of EU-15 labour productivity growth by country 29
  • I.4.3 Results using industry taxonomies 30
  • I.4.4 Growth accounting results 32
  • I.4.5 Productivity and competitiveness in manufacturing 33
  • I.4.6 Cyclical influences on productivity growth 33
  • I.4.7 Results at the firm level 34
  • I.5 Implications for policy 35
  • Chapter II: Industry Structure and Taxonomies 37
  • Catherine Robinson*, Lucy Stokes*, Edwin Stuivenwold** and Bart van Ark**
  • II.1 Introduction 37
  • II.2 Data description 37
  • II.3 Industry structure 38
  • II.3.1 Industry shares of aggregate economic activity 38
  • II.3.2 The size distribution of industries 39
  • II.3.3 Capital intensity 45
  • II.4 Industry taxonomies 47
  • II.4.1 ICT taxonomy 47
  • II.4.2 IT occupational taxonomy 50
  • II.4.3 General skills taxonomy 52
  • II.4.3.1 Using the detailed skills data for the UK and US 53
  • II.4.3.2 Using Eurostat Skills database to develop a taxonomy 54
  • II.4.4 Innovation taxonomy based on the Pavitt taxonomy 61
  • II.4.5 The taxonomies combined 66
  • II.5 Conclusions 67
  • II.A Appendix Tables 70
  • Chapter III: Productivity and Competitiveness in the EU and the US 73
  • Robert Inklaar**, Mary Ou0092Mahony*, Catherine Robinson* and Marcel Timmer**
  • III.1 Introduction 73
  • III.2 Labour productivity in the EU-15 and US: an overview 73
  • III.3 Productivity growth grouped by industry taxonomies 78
  • III.3.1 ICT taxonomy 78
  • III.3.2 IT occupational, general skills and innovation taxonomies 84
  • III.3.3 Conclusions from the taxonomy approach 89