• List of Abbreviations
  • Preface
  • Executive summary
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Objectives of the Evaluation
  • 1.2 Methodology
  • ...
  • 1.3 Brief description of the Evaluation Process
  • 1.4 The scope
  • 2 The selection process - Is the selection done appropriately?
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Is the selection of twinning and TA supported by adequate (cost-benefit) analysis?
  • ...
  • 2.3 Are beneficiaries properly situated to make an appropriate and independent selection?
  • 2.4 Are assessments realistic and reflect actual implementation practice?
  • 2.5 Are the non-tangible benefits of twinning adequately identified and assessed?
  • 2.6 Share of twinning over the years and between (potential) candidates
  • 2.7 How efficient is the selection process?
  • ...
  • 2.8 Conclusions
  • 3 Does the selected instrument enable an effective and efficient project implementation and sustainability?
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Findings of the Cost-Benefit Assessment
  • ...
  • 3.3 In which areas are twinning and TA most effective as instrument?
  • ...
  • 3.4 To what extent do control mechanisms for twinning and TA contracts impact their efficiency and effectiveness?
  • 3.5 Which are the factors having an impact on effectiveness and sustainability of assistance?
  • 3.6 Are there examples of projects combining TA and twinning?
  • 3.7 Are different beneficiaries using different instruments to achieve the same objective? Which lessons can be learned?
  • ...
  • 3.8 Conclusions
  • ...
  • 4 How can the selection process be improved?
  • 4.1 Main conclusions
  • 4.2 Recommendations
  • ...
  • Annex 1 Terms of Reference
  • Annex 2 The Evaluation Framework
  • Annex 3 Results of the mapping exercise
  • Annex 4 Blueprint for Selection of Instrument
  • Annex 5 List of Literature and Documents consulted