• 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Data
  • 1. The Bonn Database
  • 2. Bank Influence and Ownership Concentration
  • 3. Data Transformation
  • 4. Sample Characteristics
  • 3. The Finance Hypothesis
  • 1. Direct
  • 1. Testable Implications
  • 2. Empirical Results
  • 2. Indirect
  • 1. Testable Implications
  • 2. Empirical Results
  • 4. The Control Hypothesis
  • 1. Testable Implications
  • 2. Empirical Results
  • 5. The Profitability Hypothesis
  • 1. Testable Implications
  • 2. Empirical Results
  • 6. Summary and Conclusions
  • Appendix
  • References
  • Tables