• 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 1.1. Background
  • 1.2. Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3. Objectives of the Study
  • 2. THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
  • 2.1. Rural Employment Structure
  • 2.2. Factors Responsible for Participation in Informal Economic Activities
  • 2.3 Conceptual Framework
  • 3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 3.1. Research Site
  • 3.2. Sample Size
  • 3.3. Research Instruments
  • 3.4. Basic Survey
  • 3.5. Special Survey
  • 3.6. Analytical Instruments
  • 3.7. The Data Analysis
  • 4. SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE STUDY AREA
  • 4.1. Socio-economic Structure in the Surveyed Areas
  • 4.2. Livelihoods and Occupational Diversity in the Study Area
  • 5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
  • 5.1. Trends in Non-Agricultural Employment in the Research Area
  • 5.2. Factors Influencing Head of the Household Participation in Non-Farm EconomicActivities: Probit Model Results and Discussion
  • 5.3. Estimation Results of Probit Model
  • 5.4. Analysis of Structural Changes from 1987/88 to 2003/04
  • 6. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • 6.1. Conclusion
  • 6.2. Recommendations
  • 7. REFERENCES
  • APPENDICES
  • Appendix I. Probit Results for Participation in Informal Employment
  • Appendix II Case Studies in the Survey Villages
  • Appendix III Some Pictures of Socio-Economic Life in Village Kukar and Dalazak in NorthwestPakistan