• 1 Backdrop: The longer term during economic crisis
  • 1.1 Core objectives
  • 1.2 Lessons from economic theory
  • 1.3 The economic crisis
  • 1.4 Convergence
  • 2 The 2006 strategy
  • 2.1 Variable fees
  • 2.2 Income-contingent loans
  • 2.3 Measures to widen participation
  • 3 From theory to evidence: What has happened?
  • 3.1 What went well
  • 3.2 Pressure points: Fees
  • 3.3 Pressure points: Loans
  • 3.4 Pressure points: Widening participation
  • 4 What next: Reform directions
  • 4.1 The politics of reform: Explaining the system
  • 4.2 Reform directions: Fees
  • 4.3 Reform directions: Loans
  • 4.4 Reform directions: Widening participation
  • 4.5 Why not other directions?
  • 4.6 An important continuing role for government
  • 5 Prescription: What reforms in what order?