• 1. Introduction and background
  • 2. Pension Reforms in EU countries and their possible impact
  • 2.1 Pension policy in EU countries: An overview
  • 2.2 Parametric Reforms: Scope and possible impact
  • 2.3 Systemic reforms and their possible impact
  • 2.4 Concluding remarks
  • 3. Projections of risks of elderly poverty in EU25 (2025, 2050)
  • 3.1 The current generosity of public pension systems
  • 3.2 Assessing the impact of pension reforms on the risk of elderly poverty
  • 4. Synthesizing discussion
  • References