• GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS
  • PREFACE
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • MAIN REPORT
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 1.1. Objectives
  • 1.2. Background and Context
  • 1.3. Evaluation Questions
  • 1.4. Sources of evidence and sample project database
  • 1.5. Limitations affecting the evaluation
  • 2. STRATEGY, IMPLEMENTATION AND EFFECTS
  • 2.1. Assistance followed pre-accession strategy closely but was hampered by weak design
  • 2.2. Coverage of the components of the environment acquis was not well balanced
  • 2.3. Cost-effectiveness improved with time but was hampered by inefficient procedures
  • 2.4. Considerable catalytic effect with both ISPA and other donor funds
  • 2.5. Assistance was a successful agent for change, but wider impact was limited
  • 2.6. A good basis for sustainability was established
  • 2.7. Positive but moderate contribution to economic and social cohesion
  • 2.8. Assistance supported Environmental Policy Integration indirectly
  • 2.9. Phare assistance has generally performed well but there is still much to do
  • 3. CONCLUSIONS, LESSONS LEARNED AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • 3.1. Conclusions
  • 3.2. Recommendations
  • 3.3. Lessons learned
  • ANNEXES
  • Annex 1. Terms of Reference
  • Annex 2. Distribution of Phare environment funding by country and by
  • Annex 3. Phare environment projects in database
  • Annex 4. Environmental expenditure in the public sector
  • Annex 5. Typical Phare environment outputs
  • Annex 6. May 2006 Monitoring Reports on Bulgaria and Romania
  • Annex 7. World Bank Indicators 2005 – Environment Government Commitment
  • Annex 8. List of Documents
  • Annex 9. List of Interviews