• Executive summary
  • Introduction
  • 1 Recent developments in the Member States selected
  • 2 Analysis of ECtHR case law in the context of the Racial Equality Directive
  • 3 Overview of principles and definitions
  • 4 The ‘Roma education cases’
  • 4.1 Segregation in special schools: the ‘misdiagnosis cases’
  • 4.2 Intra school segregation: Roma-only classes
  • 4.3 Inter school segregation and white flight: Roma only schools
  • 5 Is any type of segregation indirect discrimination?
  • 6 Evidence and burden of proof
  • 7 Justification defenses
  • 8 Remedies
  • 9 Remedies imposed by equality bodies
  • 10 Segregation under the Racial Equality Directive and International Law
  • 11 Conclusions