This case study will focus on the comparison between the development of structure and strategy in the Spanish fruit and vegetable producing areas of Almería and Valencia. These two regions are assumed to have gone through different developments in term of the structure and strategy that fruit and vegetables cooperatives have adopted. These differences may be due to differences in regulations, in available policy measures, in historical situation (and thus path dependencies), in type of products, or in international exposure. The central issue to be addressed by this case study is whether structure (e.g., size, internal governance, first versus second tier cooperatives, collaboration among cooperatives or between cooperatives and IOFs, internationalization, etc.) has had a significant impact on the strategy adopted by the F&V cooperatives in the two regions, and, consequently, on their success or failure.
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