Summary: The literature review showed that co-publications and co-patents are relevant proxies for international collaboration. Though publications are more frequently used than patents, not at least because private research collaborations and technological R&D may have additional outputs than only patents. A number of motives for international collaboration was identified from the literature.The most important ones are geographical proximity, historical ties, common language, common problems, economic factors, availability of expertise, availability of specific research equipment, databases and laboratories, political factors.
Physical Description: 206 p.
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