The restrictions on movement that Israel has imposed on the Palestinian population in the Occupied Territories over the past five years are unprecedented in their scope and severity. These policies cause extensive harm to the three and a half million Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The European Union and its member states have legal obligations to ensure that Israel complies with human rights law and international humanitarian law. The EU/Israel Action Plan should include specific actions to ensure Palestinian freedom of movement, and ensure an effective mechanism to monitor implementation of the human rights provisions. The European Parliament can play a positive role in ensuring that the EU-Israel relationship accords with both parties legal obligations through several means: ensuring integration of a human rights approach in the review of the implementation of the Action Plan; establishment and oversight of financial instruments that include an explicit human rights approach; and initiation of factfinding missions to Israel.