• 1. The motivation for the study
  • 2. Barna’s theoretical contribution
  • 3. Barna’s sources and methods
  • 4. Cartter’s study
  • 5 The CSO/ONS studies
  • 6. Comparing the studies over time
  • 7. Robustness and caveats
  • 8. Some compositional changes over time
  • 9. Tax and benefit policy changes
  • 10. Comparisons with other countries
  • 11. Some broad conclusions
  • References