References in the text ...

1. ... indicate the origin of a citation in the text or as a footnote (e.g.: Miller, 2010, p. 43).

2. Some styles make a difference between quotations (s. ...) and paraphrase (cf. ...). Many styles do not make this distinction.

3. The reference in text refers to a single source in the reference list. If you use more than one work from a person from one year, put an a, b, ... behind the year. (e.g.: Miller, 2010a, p. 43)

3 facts and 3 questions in the cafeteria

Test yourself

Details depend on the requirements of your profs.


Look at slide 14-16 of the APA tutorial. Don’t forget to cite page numbers in your work!

How would you reference the source in the text? (APA style)





Which one is correct?





What about this one?