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• Early climate-related actions should be those with a high local economic and/or environmental payoff per unit of impact on greenhouse gases. • Energy, transport and natural resource management policies can often be better designed to realise greenhouse gas reductions at little or no...
Limited capacity to pay, large infrastructure needs and a huge backlog in the construction of sanitation facilities make recourse to cross-subsidies and government-funded subsidies a necessity in Africa. * This Policy Insights introduces the African Economic Outlook 2007.
• En matière de climat, les actions à réaliser en priorité devraient être celles qui offrent un rendement économique ou environnemental élevé par unité d’impact sur les gaz à effet de serre. • Souvent, une meilleure conception des politiques de l’énergie, des transports et de...
Face à la pauvreté, à l’ampleur des besoins d’infrastructures et à l’énorme retard pris dans la construction de systèmes d’assainissement, l’Afrique est forcée de recourir à des subventions croisées et à des aides publiques. L’aide accordée actuellement aux pauvres pour la...
In this paper, we analyse the potential contribution of the Internet and its commercial application to the development process in poor countries. In historical perspective, the Internet has diffused at a far faster rate than earlier generations of communications technology: from 1990 to early...
With the aid of a computable general equilibrium model, this paper estimates for India the magnitude of spillovers from limiting growth of greenhouse gas emissions to local air quality and the health of the urban population. The most important spillovers are reductions in emissions of...
A basic feature of development dynamics is the reallocation of labour from low– productivity to higher–productivity activities (generally more capital–intensive and also often more skill–intensive). The expansion of skilled labour supply that accompanies rising per capita incomes is both...
What interest do developing countries have in limiting the growth of their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions? Answering this question is crucial to moving international climate policy negotiations forward. The primary benefits for individual countries of GHG abatement remain highly uncertain and,...
In recent years, as China’s reform of state–owned enterprises (SOEs) has gathered momentum, the number of workers made redundant has been rising. Until now, the dismissals have affected only a fraction of the “surplus labour”, which has been estimated at 20–25 per cent of total...
This technical paper presents the complete technical specification of the current version of the RE-GEM (<I>R</I>egional and <I>E</I>nvironmental <I>G</I>eneral <I>E</I>quilibrium <I>M</I>odel) for India. The document lists all the key structural and behavioural equations, providing a justification for the chosen model...</i></i></i></i></i>