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This paper applies the literature on asymmetric price transmission to the emerging commodity market for EU emissions allowances (EUA). We utilize an error correction model and an autoregressive distributed lag model to measure the relationship between CO2 price changes and the development of...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069017
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069018
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069019
Local authorities charge supply companies with concession dues on gas, water and electricity (Konzessionsabgaben), which are similar to some local taxes (local business tax, real property tax). These taxes have already been included in the fiscal equalization system and in the future concession...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069020
Environmental policies frequently target the ratio of dirty to green output within the same industry. To achieve such targets the green sector may be subsidised or the dirty sector be taxed. This paper shows that in a monopolistic competition setting the two policy instruments have different...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069021
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069022
Objectives - Taking a cross-national comparative perspective, we investigate linkages between volunteer work, informal helping, and caring among Europeans aged 50 or older: Is the relationship between these activities characterized by complementarity or by substitution? Is there evidence for the...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069023
Estimates of labour supply effects of recent UK reforms in the area of direct taxes and benefits show that policy can have significant influence on the level of employment. We confirm this in a simulation of in-work support system introduced into the German tax and benefit system. Our simulation...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069024
This paper investigates the differences between directly and indirectly seasonally adjusted aggregates. This difference is derived analytically for linear seasonal adjustment methods. GDP data for five European countries and three classes of seasonal adjustment methods are used to show...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069025
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069026