Showing 1 - 10 of 2,448
In many countries, collectively financed health insurance systems or health services delivery systems (such as the NHS) exist. Typically, these institutions are financed via general taxes or specific contributions levied on earnings. As benefits are not dependent upon income, this implies a...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069057
Wir diskutieren eine Reihe von Problemen der Rentenformel in der deutschen gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung (GRV). Wir zeigen, dass Bev¨olkerungsgruppen mit ¨uberdurchschnittlicher Lebenserwartung, insbesondere die besser Verdienenden, von den ¨ubrigen Versicherten subventioniert werden, da...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069089
Some people believe that the impact of population ageing on future health care ex-penditures will be quite moderate due to the high costs of dying. If not age per se but proximity to death determines the bulk of expenditures, a shift in the mortality risk to higher ages will not affect lifetime...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005069119
It is still an open question whether increasing life expectancy as such is causing higher health care expenditures (HCE) in a population. According to the "red herring" hypothesis, the positive correlation between age and HCE is exclusively due to the fact that mortality rises with age and a...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010559810
We report results of a survey of a representative sample of the German population in which respondents were asked for their willingness-to-pay (WTP) for either an extension of their life or an improvement in their health corresponding to a gain of one quality-adjusted life year (QALY). While one...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011266594
Most systems of health care financing in EU member states currently include elements of income redistribution. The paper analyzes the effects of shifting this kind of redistribution to the tax system and argues that this reform could create two types of efficiency gains. On the expenditure side,...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005068855
Als ein möglicher Ausweg aus der drohenden Finanzkrise umlagefinanzierter Rentensysteme wird gegenwärtig eine Anhebung des Rentenzugangsalters von vielen favorisiert. Um allerdings Arbeitnehmern einen Anreiz zur Verlängerung der Lebensarbeitszeit zu geben, muss nach Auffassung der meisten...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005068949
Recently, the system of financing German sickness funds through payroll taxes has been criticized, and several experts have proposed a transition to uniform per-capita contributions as in the Swiss Social Health Insurance. However, the ongoing debate on these questions suffers from a certain...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005068987
The empirical relationship between income and longevity has been addressed by a large number of studies, but most were confined to men. In particular, administrative data from public pension systems are less reliable for women because of the loose relationship between own earnings and household...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10008539929
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005018680