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This article explores why Smith's work is a turning point in the history of economic thought. The constitution of an economic discourse and the delimitation of the economy sphere are attributed to: i) the specific nature of Smith's moral philosophy; ii) his way of conceiving economic action as...
This essay argues that Adam Smith's thought should be interpreted within the intellectual context of the Scottish enlightenment. It discusses the origins and the specific nature of the enlightenment in Scotland in order to highlight the differences between the social theory of the Scottish...
Several authors have detected a paradigm shift in contemporary science: from a reductionist or mechanicist approach to a holistic or systemic one. This transition in paradigms should be perceptible in several disciplines, starting in biology and extending itself to others areas. In light of the...
The article argues the need to preserve the pluralism in economics. The article examines: i) the nature of the knowledge and of its production; ii) the specificity of the knowledge production in economics and the historical and cultural conditionings of the knowledge; iii) the implications of the...
This paper examines Adam Smith's understanding of the philosophy and science, the motivations that lead us to investigate nature and society, and the proper methods of investigation and exposition. The paper also criticizes those authors that interpret Smith's work as an example of the...
This paper discusses the role of credit in the capitalist accumulation. It presents Hilferding’s analysis of the financing of corporations and of the role of stock exchange as an agent of the mobilization of capital. Theoretical and historical elements are deployed to support a conjecture...
Neo-Schumpeterian economics has elaborated a theory of the role of science and technology in capitalist dynamics. We argue that this approach may be improved if it takes Marx's theory of capital into account. This (collective) effort should also consider contributions from some classic authors...
A new comprehension of Adam Smith's writings arose in the last years. These studies emphasized the political and ethical dimensions of his work and its connection with the eighteenth-century context. This article reviews the historical reception of Smith's works and discusses the recent...
We investigate the existence of national styles of political economy and suggest the characteristics and determinants of the German, Austrian, French, and English styles. Some methodological implications for the history economic thought are outlined.