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T.W. Schultz (1975) proposed that returns to human capital were highest in economicenvironments where technology, price or production shocks were common and managerial skillsto adapt resource allocations to those shocks were most in need. We hypothesize that variationin returns to human capital...
By allowing agents to switch from entrepreneurship to wage work and vice versa over the life cycle, this study proposes a dynamic Jacks-of-All-Trades (JAT) model where entrepreneurs invest in highly varied skills to manage their business. We simultaneously endogenize human capital investment and...
Entrepreneurship is a hot topic both in academic and policy circles.1 There is a growingrecognition that entrepreneurship is a driving force in economic growth and development in bothestablished and emerging economies. There is also an increasing body of evidence suggestingentrepreneurship that...
We introduce a taxonomy that classifies industries using three criteria: net growth in thenumber of firms; the interrelationship between firm entry and firm exit; and the degree of urbanbiasin industry growth. We show that in 9 of 15 two-digit NAICS industries investigated, thereis evidence of...
This study analyzes whether economic conditions at the time of labor market entry affect entrepreneurship, using difference in business start-ups between cohorts of college students graduating in boom or bust economic conditions. Those graduating during an economic bust tend to delay their...
For the first 13 years after entry, the hazard rate for firm exits is persistently higher forurban than rural firms. While differences in observed industry market, local marketand firm attributes explain some of the rural-urban gap in firm survival, rural firmsretain a survival advantage 25%...
This paper uses the pattern of firm entry and exit to develop a classification system forindustries. The classifications include urbanruralbias; longtermgrowth; and firm survivalpatterns. The first captures the fact that sectorspecificeconomic growth may be favored inurban areas for some...
We propose a strategy to identify the complementarity or substitutability amongtechnology bundles. Under the assumption that alternative technologies are independent,we develop a hypothetical distribution of multiple technology adoptions. Differencesbetween the observed distribution of...
We propose a strategy to identify the complementarity or substitutability amongtechnology bundles. Under the assumption that alternative technologies are independent,we develop a hypothetical distribution of multiple technology adoptions. Differencesbetween the observed distribution of...