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Weltweit wird Wirtschaftswachstum gefördert, trotz ernsthafter Konflikte mit Nachhaltigkeit und trotz der Tendenz zur säkularen Stagnation. Um zu untersuchen, ob dies „nur“ eine Frage politischen oder persönlichen Willens ist oder „unvermeidlich“ zur Bewahrung ökonomischer...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011644406
The development of production, prices and employment in the EU electrical industry between the mid-1970s and the mid-1990s is analysed in order to test the hypothesis that the competitive pressure from low-income countries has led to the observed decline of the employment share of low-skilled...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010260441
The deterioration of the income and employment position of unskilled workers in the OECD since the 1980s is a well-documented fact. The debate about the causes of this development is dominated by two competing hypotheses, "North-South Trade" ("globalisation") and technological progress. Several...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010260654
This paper examines the implications of restricting the tradability of carbon rights in the presence of induced technical change. Unlike earlier approaches aiming at exploring the tradability-technology linkage we focus on climate-relevant 'carbon-saving' technical change. This is achieved by...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010260679
The euro area experienced a slowdown in output and Total Factor Productivity growth in the 1990s compared to the 1980s. We ask the following questions. Is the apparent slowdown in euro area output due to a lack of proper accounting for capital quality improvement? The answer is no. Did...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010261178
In a model on population and endogenous technological change, Kremer combines a short-run Malthusian scenario where income determines the population that can be sustained, with the Boserupian insight that greater population spurs technological change and can therefore lift a country out of its...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010261207
Biographical information on a sample of renowned U.S. inventors is combined with information on the patents they received over their careers, and employed to highlight the implications of patent institutions for markets in inventions and for democratization. The United States deliberately...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010261279
Recent empirical literature has introduced the "kill Biased Organizational Change" hypothesis, according to which organizational change can be considered as one of the main causes of the skill bias (increase in the number of highly skiled workers) exhibited by manufacturing employment in...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010261484
Skill-biased technical change has occupied empirical economists for much of the 90s. However, the empirical literature has not progressed much beyond observing a positive correlation between technology indicators and demand shifts. Two hypotheses on the root causes of skill biases in technical...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010261506
Although there is growing evidence on the role of agglomeration economies in the formation and growth of firms, both the concepts of agglomeration economies and entrepreneurship tend to be ambiguously defined and measured in the literature. In this study, we aim to improve the conceptualisations...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010261507