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This paper investigates the relation between social capital and crime. The analysis contributes to explaining why crime is so heterogeneous across space. By employing current and historical data for Dutch municipalities and by providing novel indicators to measure social capital, we find a link...
There has been little empirical work evaluating the sensitivity of fertility to financial incentives at the household level. We put forward an identification strategy that relies on the fact that variation of wages induces variation in benefits and tax credits among "comparable households...
The Internet, like other new technologies, will undoubtedly affect civil society and the workings of activists, citizens´ groups, and the political process as a whole. But how radical will this impact be, and precisely how will the Internet change the way citizens´ groups act?
This paper illustrates the application of functional-equations results in population ethics.In an intertemporal framework, we provide characterizations of several classes of variablepopulationsocial orderings that may depend on individual lengths of life in addition tolifetime utilities...
We analyze the rationalizability of variable-population social-choice functions in a welfaristframework. It is shown that xed-population rationalizability and a weakening ofcongruence together are necessary and suffcient for rational choice, given a plausible dominanceproperty that prevents the...
[...]What explains New York’s ongoing ability to dominateAmerica’s urban landscape? In this paper, we explore theeconomic history of the city and argue that three themesemerge. First, New York’s emergence as the nation’s premier port was not the result of happenstance followed by...
[...]This paper builds primarily on research on agglomerationeconomies. Much of the empirical work on agglomeration hassought to estimate the effect on productivity of anestablishment’s local environment. The estimation hassometimes involved direct estimates of productivity(Henderson 2003) and...
[...]This paper empirically examines the spatial and temporalresponses of the New York City economy to a large, butspatially concentrated, exogenous shock to its capital stock:the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Our focus on thecity’s response allows us to draw inferences about how...
[...]The focus of my remarks is something else entirely. Mypurpose is threefold: first, to make the case that the study ofhistory is essential to understanding the present and future ofany urban area; second, to suggest that in terms of age, size,density, and demographic patterns, New York has...
It has become a truism to say that immigration hastransformed American society since 1965. Beginning with“gateway” cities like New York and Los Angeles, the effect ofnew immigrants now extends to small pork- or chickenprocessingtowns in Iowa or North Carolina. Indeed, theMarch 2004 annual...