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While the allocative efficiency of mobility is typically considered to be positive but small in the long run, the induced changes in equality may be considerable in size. In practice, however, migrants typically improve their income position in comparison to those at home, stimulate the economic...
In 1994, Blanchflower and Oswald reported that they have found an empirical law of economics the Wage Curve. According to their empirical results, the elasticity of wages with respect to regional unemployment is -0.1. This holds especially for the Anglo-Saxon countries...
In this paper, I present a theory of dynamic economic growth, business cycles, and asset pricing that integrates (1) Marx's idea (and emphasized by Klein) of a two-class heterogeneity of the ownership structure of physical capital and human capital in a capitalist society, (2) Keynes' idea of...
With a foreigner share of almost 20 percent and a traditionally tight labourmarket, Switzerland has evolved into an immigration country against its own intention. In thepast, many low-qualified workers originally recruited on a temporary basis were allowed tosettle in Switzerland. This approach...
A switch from a Bismarckian (BIS) earnings-related to a Beveridgean (BEV) flat ratepay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension scheme will raise the variance of personal replacementratios and, hence, the variance of individual interest-saving elasticities. A monopolisticfinancial sector can then make greater...
We develop and analyse a simple general equilibrium model withcapital market imperfections We find that the impact of monetarypolicy on real economic activity depends on the initial distributionof wealth in the economy. Changes in the opportunity cost of fundsaffect not only the choice of...
We develop a simple labour turnover model of general training. Upon completion of theirtraining, apprentices are equipped with general skills and they accumulate firm-specificskills by continuing working for their training firm. Job turnover is associated with a loss ofaccumulated firm-specific...
This paper explores changes in the relationship betweenrace, income, and criminal victimization over time. Interestin this question is motivated by the widening incomedistribution of the last two decades. Between 1980 and1994, the share of income earned by the top 5 percentof American families...
A century ago, Thorstein Veblen introduced socially contingent con-sumption into the economic literature. This paper complements the scarceempirical literature by testing his conjecture on South African householddata and nds that Black and Coloured households spend relatively moreon visible...
Acemoglu, Johnson, & Robinson (2002) have claimed that the world incomedistribution underwent a "Reversal of Fortune" from 1500 to the present, wherebyformerly rich countries in what is now the developing world became poor whilepoor ones grew rich. We question their analysis with regard to both...