Showing 1 - 10 of 45,684
This paper assesses the effects of reducing tariffs under the Doha Round on market access for developing countries. It shows that for many developing countries, actual preferential access is less generous than it appears because of low product coverage or complex rules of origin. Thus lowering...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005599383
Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on intellectual property rights, labor, and the environment; and addressing...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005768757
Market access negotiations in merchandise trade at the multilateral level cover tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs). While tariffs have been substantially reduced in earlier rounds, they remain high in certain areas and further reductions involve a number of complex technical issues. Some...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010229111
This paper reviews major issues involved in achieving the objectives of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). Using a simple framework for evaluation, the analysis highlights considerations relevant to policymakers in the areas of poverty reduction, macroeconomic policies, trade...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005768860
This paper provides a framework for understanding trade patterns in the Mashreq. An augmented gravity model is used to compare actual with expected levels of trade. Trade barriers, political uncertainty, and over-appreciation of domestic currencies seem to explain low levels of international...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005263698
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010246226
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005406591
Are product standards protectionism in disguise? This paper estimates the costs of non-compliance with US product standards, using a new database on US import refusals from 2002 to 2012. We find that import refusals significantly decrease exports to the United States. This trade reducing effect...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010467851
Can the enforcement of product standards be protectionism in disguise? This paper estimates the costs of non-compliance with U.S. product standards, using a new database on U.S. import refusals from 2002 to 2014. We find that import refusals decrease exports to the United States. This trade...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011489948
Are product standards protectionism in disguise? This paper estimates the costs of non- compliance with U.S. product standards, using a new database on U.S. import refusals from 2002 to 2012. We find that import refusals significantly decrease exports to the United States. This trade reducing...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010459208