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and deeper paperless trade provisions than those featured in the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement. A more detailed … analysis of paperless trade measures included in selected RTAs in Asia and the Pacific confirms that the coverage of RTAs of … Trade in Asia and the Pacific can be expected to provide a useful tool for harmonized implementation of many of these …
, labor, and the environment; and addressing geopolitical concerns. Simulations of FTAs with the United States highlight the …
Regional trade arrangements (RTAs) in Africa have been ineffective in promoting trade and foreign direct investment. Relatively high external trade barriers and low resource complementarity between member countries limit both intra- and extraregional trade. Small market size, poor transport...
With China's accession to the WTO in 2001, Russia is by far that organization's most prominent nonmember. This paper … of cross-section and panel regressions for 1995-2002, we find that Russian exports to WTO members have fallen short of … various WTO procedures, although own-export restrictions could have a similar effect. The model points to Russia's further …
A comprehensive empirical investigation is carried out to ascertain the import-reducing effect of trade protection barriers. We first present a statistical summary of the status of global trade protection. Then, based on a monopolistic competition trade model and 1994 cross-country data on trade...
ahead with ambitious structural reforms to entrench macroeconomic stability and ensure an attractive environment for …
How to entrench hard-won gains, increase resilience to shocks, and improve growth performance to reduce poverty? As Central America moves forward in regaining macroeconomic stability, these are the challenges. This study analyzes Central America’s real, fiscal, monetary, and financial...
America - one of the most vulnerable regions given its high, and rising, commodity dependence - and emerging Asia - which has …
The paper evaluates the South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) within the global structure of overlapping regional …