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We study the effect of welfare reform, broadly defined to include social policy changes in the 1990s, on the material well-being and expenditure patterns of poor single-mother families. Our research suggests that welfare reform did not affect total expenditures in households headed by...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005718631
This issue brief examines the Child Tax Credit (CTC) in its current form and finds that many of the families with children most in need of additional assistance receive no or little benefit from the credit. The paper analyzes a restructuring of the present CTC put forth by the Brookings...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005677211
This paper deals with the causes and consequences of inequality and poverty in the countries east of the new frontiers of the European Union, mainly with the CIS countries. Poverty and inequalities in the former socialist countries were partly mitigated by the social policies of the state. The...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005619278
Bangladesh has achieved notable progress in poverty reduction including reduction in extreme poverty since 1990. Still a good proportion of the people in the country are living in extreme poverty and suffering from various kinds of deprivation and marginalization. It is therefore important to...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011288364
This paper responds to Karen Christopher's recent Feminist Economics paper that posits that welfare leavers did not benefit much financially during the Clinton-era economic boom. On the contrary, this paper finds that child poverty rates declined dramatically as did material hardships while the...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005484751
Despite South Africa’s transition from apartheid in 1994, the social landscape is still fragmented along racial lines. However, South Africa has an impressive social grants system by international standards, with social assistance spending as a percentage of GDP comparing to Western European...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005004075
This paper models complexity in social programs as a byproduct of efforts to screen between deserving and undeserving applicants. While a more rigorous screening technology may have desirable effects on targeting efficiency, the associated complexity introduces transaction costs into the...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10005087468
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011818875
Herein, the influence of institutions and of social and political preferences upon the design and the implementation of the Brazilian non contributive income cash transfer to the elderly and disabled poor - Benefício de Prestação Continuada (BPC) - is analyzed. The main argument is that...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010330645
An essential question about policies that aim to foster socio-economic inclusion and income generation - which is the case of policies that support market access - is their capacity to guarantee a sustainable process of the economic capacities of their beneficiaries. In this study, the Brazilian...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010330901