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In this article we assess the impact of the Fica Vivo programme, for the prevention and control of criminality, set up in Brazil. Its design is inspired by the American programme CeaseFire and the principal objective is the reduction of homicides in areas where its incidence is high, in general,...
The paper presents a theoretical framework for the appraisal of industrial projects. The analysis begins with the commercial evaluation followed by the economic evaluation from the national point of view. Notes are also made regarding indirect effects, the impact of the project on a town and...
How to obtain confidence intervals for cost-effectiveness ratios is complicated by the statistical problems to obtain a confidence interval for a ratio of random variables. Different approaches have been suggested in the literature, but no consensus has been reached. In this note we propose an...
The economic evaluation of health care programs can be carried out from two different perspectives: the hospital’s narrow perspective and the social perspective, which includes all costs. It is well known that, depending on the perspective, the economic evaluation may lead to discrepant...
Aims: This paper briefly reviews the theoretical and empirical foundation for the economic valuation of preventing fatalities, referred to as the value of a statistical life (VSL), and summarizes recent published empirical evidence on VSL in Sweden. <P> Methods: Literature searches were conducted...</p>
This paper proposes a method to evaluate health technologies in a given therapeutic area. The key concept is a social health index which measures the performance of the health system. It considers both the level and the distribution of health in the population. If improvements in the social...
Recent focus on cost-benefit/socio-economic assessment of government “life-saving” programmes within public health, pharmaceutics, transport, and civil contingencies has spurred a wave of empirical research on the value of a statistical life (VSL) in Sweden. This paper provides an overview...
EQ-5D is used in cost-e ectiveness studies underlying many important health policy decisions. It comprises a survey instrument generating a description of health states across ve domains, and a system of utility values for each state. The original 3-level version of EQ-5D is being replaced with...
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are a major source of individual patient level data (IPD) on the clinical outcomes, costs and other measures of health consequences associated with alternative healthcare interventions. These data are typically used to establish the ‘value for...