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This paper offers a new theoretical approach to urban squatting, reflecting the view that squatters and formal …
This paper offers a new theoretical approach to urban squatting, reflecting the view that squatters and formal …
enterprises in six Indonesian districts and analyze the effect of formalization on tax payments, corruption, access to credit and …
enterprises in six Indonesian districts and analyze in an IV approach the effect of formalization on tax payments, corruption …, access to credit and revenue. We take firm heterogeneity into account and show how the effect of formalization depends on … that make formalization more likely. …
of them microenterprises, and analyze the effect of formalization on tax payments, corruption, access to credit and … revenue, taking into account the endogeneity of the formalization decision to such benefits and costs. We show, contrary to … most of the literature, that formalization reduces tax and corruption payments. The benefits of formalization, and …
land tenure formalization.  During the 1990s and 2000s, nearly two dozen African countries proposed de jure land reforms …
When the Tanzanian government formalized over 200,000 informal land claims by granting leasehold titles to residents of unplanned settlements in Dar es Salaam in 2004, a few neighborhoods in the initial plan were excluded due to missing satellite photos. We examine the impact of this low-cost,...
of them microenterprises, and analyze the effect of formalization on tax payments, corruption, access to credit and … revenue, taking into account the endogeneity of the formalization decision to such benefits and costs. We show, contrary to … most of the literature, that formalization reduces tax and corruption payments. The benefits of formalization, and …
enterprises in six Indonesian districts and analyze in an IV approach the effect of formalization on tax payments, corruption …, access to credit and revenue. We take firm heterogeneity into account and show how the effect of formalization depends on … that make formalization more likely. …
land tenure formalization. During the 1990s and 2000s, nearly two dozen African countries proposed de jure land reforms …