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Transport infrastructure investment increased substantially in Britain between the seventeenth and eighteenth century. This paper argues that the Glorious Revolution of 1688-89 contributed to transportation investment by reducing uncertainty about the security of improvement rights. It shows...
property rights, contracting, and competition institutions is positively related to an increase in the level of credit to the …
to initiate adequate investment incentives. Using a two-equation estimation approach, a direct competition effect (more … service competition increases the supply of infrastructure) can be disentangled from an indirect effect (more service … competition increases the demand for infrastructure quality and, as a consequence, increases the supply of infrastructure). While …
, reflects an excessive faith in the self-organizing virtues of the market. It has unleashed a noxious competition on the market …
The infrastructure sector has the potential to generate wide differences in profits and economic outcomes. This paper examines financial returns and investment strategies for Britain’s turnpike roads in the early nineteenth century. There are three main findings. First, rates of return on...
, reflects an excessive faith in the self-organizing virtues of the market. It has unleashed a noxious competition on the market …
Our purpose here is to challenge the big-bang approach to economic history in which some alleged institutional imposition - a deus machine - is claimed to launch a series of new economic behaviors. This so-called prime mover is then carried forward by the inexorable forces of path dependency to...
Institutions - the structures of rules and norms governing economic transactions - are widely assigned a central role in economic development. Yet economic history is still dominated by the belief that institutions arise and survive because they are economically efficient. This paper shows that...
This paper examines recent attempts to rehabilitate pre-modern craft guilds as efficient economic institutions. Contrary to rehabilitation views, craft guilds adversely affected quality, skills, and innovation. Guild rent-seeking imposed deadweight losses on the economy and generated no...
From the late 1600s to the mid 1800s, Britain was able to transform from a divided kingdom with a fragmented, often stagnant economy into a powerful and stable state that simultaneously saw an expansion in the power, wealth, and stability of the central government while encouraging an economic...