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Revenue from taxation has become more volatile after the global financial crisis. In this paper we provide a mean-variance analysis for key taxation components in the Irish fiscal accounts. This approach is a useful complement to the more standard measures of fiscal developments, which typically...
Within the framework given by the theory of optimal income taxation this paper investigates the progressivity of the Swedish income tax. On the assumption that taxes distort labour leisure choice some tax reforms are designed that improve social welfare while keeping tax revenues unchanged. The...
This paper analyzes the welfare effects of the Italian social security system in an economy with uncertainty on wages, financial market returns and life expectancy. The introduction of a pension system reproducing the Italian statutory scheme turns out to decrease ex-ante individual welfare,...
This paper explores the optimal risk sharing arrangement between generations in an overlapping generations model with endogenous growth. We allow for nonseparable preferences, paying particular attention to the risk aversion of the old as well as overall life-cycle risk aversion. We provide a...
This paper considers the implications of complementarity in private production and constraints on government for optimal fiscal policy. Using an endogenous growth model with public finance, it derives three central results which modify findings in the literature under standard assumptions....
This paper evaluates the trade-off between growth and welfare maximization from two perspectives. Firstly, it synthesizes and extends endogenous growth models with public finance to compare the growth and welfare maximizing tax rates. Secondly, it examines the distinct model outcomes in terms of...
This paper develops endogenous growth models in which the government uses income taxation to finance different types of public services, public investment, or both. The paper then assesses the merits of business perceptions of alternative fiscalpolicy related growth constraints as guides for...
In an imperfectly competitive economy with direct and indirect taxes, the first best wage subsidy overcompensates workers and provides the incentive to misreport working hours. We show that in the second best optimum where the government cannot use a wage subsidy, the optimal policy is to tax...
We examine the optimal taxation problem in a two sector neoclassical economy with workers and capitalists. We show that in a steady state of this economy the optimal policy may involve a capital income tax or subsidy, differential taxation of labour income and redistribution. The level and the...
This paper computes the optimal progressivity of the income tax code in a dynamic general equilibrium model with household heterogeneity in which uninsurable labor productivity risk gives rise to a nontrivial income and wealth distribution. A progressive tax system serves as a partial substitute...