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With continuous demand for transportation infrastructure and chronic funding shortfalls, public-private partnerships (PPPs) for infrastructure provision have garnered attention in recent years in the U.S. and abroad. High profile concession deals in Chicago and Indiana have raised concerns about...
Asia’s bank-centered financial systems require the reduced supply-demand gap in lending as a core policy pillar to improve small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) access to finance. Meanwhile, the diversification of financing modalities beyond conventional bank lending is another key policy...
Lack of access to an adequate, affordable and environmentally friendly energy supply is a severe constraint for development. Financial sustainability and demand-side focus of projects are the most relevant parameters to consider for long-term sustainability of electrification projects according...
Lack of access to an adequate, affordable and environmentally friendly energy supply is a severe constraint for development. Financial sustainability and demand-side focus of projects are the most relevant parameters to consider for long-term sustainability of electrification projects according...
Asia’s bank-centered financial systems require the reduced supply-demand gap in lending as a core policy pillar to improve small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) access to finance. Meanwhile, the diversification of financing modalities beyond conventional bank lending is another key policy...
This publication showcases a compilation of project briefs culled from case studies of good practices, new approaches, and working models on sanitation and wastewater management from di erent countries. The project briefs demonstrate solution options from which useful lessons can be derived. Not...
Network public-utilities services, i.e. those services that are usually called "public utilities " or "urban services ", are increasingly considered a crucial factor for the attractiveness of cities. They play a "cumulative " role in urban growth. In fact, the more a city offers high quality...
While traditional financing approaches such as federal and state grants funded by taxation are insufficient to address the existing need, innovative financing such as novel public private partnership models, credit enhancement tools, and new bonding instruments has emerged to expand the fiscal...