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decisionmaking and to customer access to true spot market prices. This transformation will revolutionize the technical, procedural … market operation. The purpose of this meeting was to hold discussions on the information technologies that will be needed in …
Wind is the fastest growing source for electricity in the United States. During 2001, U.S. wind power plant … installations are expected to increase by 1,850 megawatts (MW), resulting in a total installed capacity of about 4,400 MW. The … market expansion is supported by a variety of Federal and state incentives in the form of production tax credits, renewable …
are not able to commit to specific responses months or years in advance. Electricity is a fluid market commodity with a … they can be made more effective in controlling summer peaks and attendant high prices of electricity. Particular attention …-long trend of declining reserve margins. Competition among generators is typically robust, holding down wholesale energy prices …
. The advantages of a competitive market are well known: it leads to lower costs for the utility, lower prices for consumers … electric-industry`s efficiency lowers costs and, hence, electric prices. In this study, we look at the sources of (in … short run, firms who cannot produce at the market-clearing price are forced to leave the industry, ensuring that customers …
In competitive electricity markets, the costs for each ancillary service should be charged to those who cause the costs … capacity assigned to the regulation service is a function of the short-term volatility of system load. Therefore, the charges … for shares of these two services that differ substantially from their shares of total electricity consumption. …
transportation sectors, including electricity sales to each of these sectors but excluding energy losses incurred during electricity …-year and 10-year, energy use trends in New York State. The information presented reflects energy consumption, supply, prices … generating electricity. {open_quotes}Net{close_quotes} is the end-use consumption by the residential, commercial, industrial, and …
products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry … petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The …
_quotes}play the market{close_quotes}. Since the passage of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Order 636 in 1992, interest … Order prohibited pipelines from providing bundled sales service. This is not surprising - in the telecommunications industry … market. The push for small-customer service unbundling has derived from the basic but politically attractive idea that all …
), covering almost 80% of retail electricity sales in the region. Although many of these state policies have only recently been … fossil fuel prices, environmental concerns, and policy support at the state and federal levels. In this article, we review … and discuss what are arguably the two most important types of state policies for supporting electricity generation from …
differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to … retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price. …