Showing 1 - 10 of 429,886
Subsidies granted by the German federal government decreased in the 1998–2004 period. Since 2005, subsidies have … increased. The transfers to the compulsory health insurance system were raised by very large amounts. Moreover, the subsidies … for re-integrating the unemployed were raised. The results are based on a comprehensive definition of subsidies; tax …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10003929238
Subsidies granted by the German federal government decreased in the 1998–2004 period. Since 2005, subsidies have … increased. The transfers to the compulsory health insurance system were raised by very large amounts. Moreover, the subsidies … for re-integrating the unemployed were raised. The results are based on a comprehensive definition of subsidies; tax …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10008552733
Do intergovernmental transfers reduce revenues collected by local government authorities (LGAs)? There is already a well-established body of literature in public finance, which argues that intergovernmental grants 'crowd out' local revenues. Most existing studies, however, explore the fiscal...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011548235
Die Subventionen in Deutschland sind Gegenstand intensiver wirtschaftspolitischer Auseinandersetzungen. Zu den …Subsidization policy is intensively discussed in Germany. Subsidies comprise by definition tax expenditures and those …'s subsidies in the period 1998 to 2003 are analyzed. The results are compared to the data in the official report of the federal …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010265407
Subsidies granted by German states (Länder) and municipalities are substantial and amounted to more than € 70.6 bill …. in 2001. Thus, states’ expenditures for subsidies exceeded half of total wage tax revenues (after deduction of child … allowances) in Germany or 3.4 per cent of German GDP. States’ subsidies are far from evenly distributed in regional and sectoral …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010265540
Die Subventionen in Deutschland sind Gegenstand intensiver wirtschaftspolitischer Auseinandersetzungen. Der vorliegende …. Subsidies are defined as the sum of tax expenditures and those government expenditures which distort the structure of the … subsidies in the period 2000 to 2004 are presented. The results are compared to the data in the official "subsidy reports" of …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010273157
€ 33.7 billion, measured according to a comprehensive definition of subsidies. In a narrower definition, figures accounted … non-insurance benefits, as far as these can be subsumed under the heading of subsidies. Moreover, the federal layer …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010273161
If a wide definition of subsidies is used, the subsidies granted by the German Länder and their local authorities fell … less. Using a narrow definition, the subsidies granted by the Länder in 2007 amounted to 56.9 billion euros, which roughly … (GDP), the subsidies granted by the Länder have decreased steadily by more than a half percentage point since 2000. The …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010273180
Subsidies granted by German states (Länder) and municipalities are substantial and amounted to more than € 70.6 bill …. in 2001. Thus, states' expenditures for subsidies exceeded half of total wage tax revenues (after deduction of child … allowances) in Germany or 3.4 per cent of German GDP. States’ subsidies are far from evenly distributed in regional and sectoral …
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10011477105
Local authorities charge supply companies with concession dues on gas, water and electricity (Konzessionsabgaben), which are similar to some local taxes (local business tax, real property tax). These taxes have already been included in the fiscal equalization system and in the future concession...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10010264996