Summary: The briefing paper seeks to provide an overview of the political, economic and social costs and benefits for the neighbouring countries in adapting their policies in the areas suggested by the ENP as well as to highlight the main constraints and factors favourable to pursuit of ENP objectives in such societies. In a representative selection of case studies involving both Maghreb and Mashreq countries, the study focuses on Morocco, Jordan and Egypt. Its recommendations include different kinds of incentives to be offered to the Southern neighbours, more flexible rules for the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, and better information of both the elite and the popular level about the ENP. The authors further call for improving the image of the EU and the ENP in these countries, notably through a relaxation of visa regimes, progress in trade liberalisation for agricultural products, as well as through a more effective EU role in crisis management in the area - namely with regard to the Israel-Palestine conflict .
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