• 1. Introduction
  • 2. Problem formulation and basic approach
  • 3. Generation of tower sets
  • 4. Covering the container floor with a genetic algorithm
  • 4.1 A general incemental GA
  • 4.2 Adaptation of the general GA to the given problem
  • 4.3 Hybridization of the GA
  • 5. Inclusion of practical constraints
  • 6. Computational results
  • 6.1 Test of alternative operators
  • 6.2 First comparison with other methods
  • 6.3 Second comparison with other methods
  • 7. Concluding remarks