• Section 1: Introduction
  • Recent Developments
  • Outline of this paper
  • Section 2: The rationale for area targeting
  • 2.1 Concentration of Deprivation
  • 2.2 Multiple deprivation
  • 2.3 Does multiple deprivation compound the problem of deprivedareas
  • 2.4 The interface with main programmes
  • 2.5 Impact: Are the benefits displaced
  • Section 3: Area-based programmes to tackle deprivation – targeting options
  • 3.1 When is area targeting appropriate?
  • 3.2 Decisions on which areas to target
  • Section 4: Concluding comments
  • Implications for research
  • ANNEX A: Location of selected area-based initiatives
  • Annex B: The 1998 Index of Local Deprivation and defining deprived areas usingthe 1998 ILD; the 44 and 65 most deprived local authority districts
  • Defining the 44 and 65 ‘most deprived’ areas.
  • Alternative ways of deriving a list of ‘deprived areas’
  • Review of the ILD
  • ANNEX C: Standard mortality ratios in 65 most deprived local authoritydistricts
  • References