• List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Executive Summary
  • 1.1 Aims and methods
  • 1.2 Conclusions
  • 1.3 Asset recovery statistics and performance measurement
  • 1.4 Recommendations
  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Report structure
  • 3.0 Methodology
  • 3.1 Legislation and literature review
  • 3.2 Survey
  • 3.3 Interviews and case studies
  • 4.0 Legislative background and literature review
  • 4.1 EU Legislation and reports
  • 4.2 Academic literature review
  • 4.3 Legislation overview
  • 4.4 The role of European institutions
  • 5.0 Findings
  • 5.1 The investigative phase
  • 5.2 The main drivers behind investigation
  • 5.3 Lesser drivers
  • 5.4 Obstacles to investigation: cooperation and capacity
  • 5.5 Other obstacles to investigation: attitudes and investigative speed
  • 5.6 Use of investigative tools
  • 5.7 Asset tracing: obstacles and issues
  • 5.8 International cooperation
  • 5.9 The judicial phase
  • 5.10 Judicial traditions
  • 5.11 Obstacles: the importance of international cooperation
  • 5.12 Obstacles: domestic and procedural issues
  • 5.13 Process speed
  • 5.14 Success and failure in the judicial phase
  • 5.15 The disposal phase
  • 5.16 Management of seized/confiscated assets
  • 5.17 Disposal of assets and transfers to the state
  • 5.18 Obstacles to disposal
  • 6.0 Measuring the effectiveness of asset recovery
  • 6.1 Measuring effectiveness
  • 6.2 Measuring efficiency
  • 7.0 Statistical data and measurement of asset recovery
  • 7.1 Data availability
  • 7.2 Data comparability
  • 8.0 Policy options
  • 9.0 Planned research tasks eliminated
  • 10.0 Conclusions and recommendations
  • 10.1 Conclusions
  • 10.2 Asset recovery statistics and performance measurement
  • 10.3 Recommendations
  • 10.4 Case studies
  • Appendix 1: United Kingdom – case study report
  • Appendix 2: France – case study report
  • Appendix 3: Bulgaria – case study report
  • Appendix 4: Spain – case study report
  • Appendix 5: Italy – case study report
  • Appendix 6: Legislative basis for asset recovery
  • Appendix 7: Vocabulary
  • Appendix...