The agenda for Crisis Management Operations (CMOs) has widened still further and with it the related need to engage with civilian actors has become even more important due to the u0091security development nexusu0092. In essence, there is no security without development and vice versa. From this follows that civil-military co-operation (CIMIC) and civil-military co-ordination (CMCO) is not confined to the immediate conflict and post-conflict situation. Especially in post-conflict settings there can also be a mid- and long-term need to combine military and civilian skills, instruments and concepts, especially in the realm of security sector reform (SSR). Thus, the requirements for CIMIC and CMCO are on the rise and pose a tremendous challenge for international institutions, including the EU.