• 1. Introduction
  • 2. Literature Review
  • 2.1 Exact algorithms
  • 2.2 Simple policy based techniques
  • 2.3 Problem specific heuristics
  • 2.4 Metaheuristics
  • 3. A Grouping Genetic Algorithm (GGA) for solving the PDPTW
  • 3.1 Group-oriented genetic encoding
  • 3.2 Configuration of the GGA
  • 4. Embedding the GGA in a dynamic planning environment
  • 4.1 Overview of the rolling horizon framework
  • 4.2 Snapshot generation
  • 4.3 Synchronization and update
  • 5. Computational Study
  • 5.1 Benchmark Data Sets
  • 5.2 Numerical results
  • 6. Conclusions