Estimation of expected value for lognormal and gamma distributions. [Environmental pollutants]
Concentrations of environmental pollutants tend to follow positively skewed frequency distributions. Two such density functions are the gamma and lognormal. Minimum variance unbiased estimators of the expected value for both densities are available. The small sample statistical properties of each of these estimators were compared for its own distribution, as well as the other distribution to check the robustness of the estimator. Results indicated that the arithmetic mean provides an unbiased estimator when the underlying density function of the sample is either lognormal or gamma, and that the achieved coverage of the confidence interval is greater than 75 percent for coefficients of variation less than two. Further Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to study the robustness of the above estimators by simulating a lognormal or gamma distribution with the expected value of a particular observation selected from a uniform distribution before the lognormal or gamma observation is generated. Again, the arithmetic mean provides an unbiased estimate of expected value, and the achieved coverage of the confidence interval is greater than 75 percent for coefficients of variation less than two.
Year of publication: 
20090402


Authors:  White, G.C. 
Subject:  environmental sciences  CHEMICAL EFFLUENTS  AIR POLLUTION  ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT  DATA ANALYSIS  DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS  ENVIRONMENT  MONTE CARLO METHOD  PROBABILITY  SAMPLING  STATISTICAL MECHANICS  VARIATIONS  MASS TRANSFER  MECHANICS  POLLUTION 
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