The rapid changes in technologies that are used for R&D have created new opportunities and needs for strategic management of IPRs and knowledge, especially when used in a collaborative context. The use of new ICT technologies is fundamentally altering the way R&D is done. This is leading to a new research and innovation paradigm, which we will simply refer to as u0093e-Researchu0094. As with contemporary R&D in general, knowledge flows and usage are increasingly influenced by the strategic use of IPR. ICTs, however, could also be used in conjunction with IPRs to privatise results of u0093e-Researchu0094 more efficiently. ICTs could also be used more efficiently for public dissemination.