• Preface
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents
  • Figures
  • Tables
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 1.1. Background: Gender equality and work-life reconciliation
  • 1.2. Structure of this report
  • 2. Gender inequalities in the early career
  • 2.1. Substantial gender differences in the transition to first job across Member States
  • 3. Combining parenthood and employment
  • 3.1. Mothers are underrepresented in the workforce
  • 3.2. Women and particularly mothers have more part-time jobs
  • 3.3. Women’s work is more interrupted by parenthood than men’s
  • 3.4. Single mothers more likely to be unemployed or in low-skilled jobs
  • 4. Earnings contributions and sharing domestic work within couples
  • 4.1. Persistent majority of male sole- or main-earners households
  • 4.2. Recent decrease in the proportion of men as the sole income provider
  • 4.3. Women do majority of domestic work regardless of earning contributions
  • 5. Policy levers: missed targets and mismatched needs
  • 5.1. Access to childcare
  • 5.2. Flexible working hours
  • 6. Conclusion and discussion
  • Reference