Summary: Articles 4 and 5 of the TV Without Frontiers Directive (‘The Directive’) place requirements on Member States to ensure that broadcasters under their jurisdiction devote a majority proportion of transmission time to programmes produced in Europe and at least 10 per cent of transmission time (or programme budget) to European works made by independent producers. Article 5 also requires that an ‘adequate’ proportion of independent productions should be recently produced – that is, less than five years old. The Directive was adopted in 1989 and Member States were required to meet the terms of The Directive from October 1991 (1.1).
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