• Executive summary
  • Résumé
  • Zusammenfassung
  • 1. Introduction
  • 1.1 Purpose and scope of the Report
  • 1.2 The legislative context in European Union Law
  • 1.3 Setting the report in context
  • 1.4 Structure of the report
  • 2. Family, work and gender equality
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Models of work-life ‘balance’
  • 2.2.1 The impact of parental leave on women’s labour-market participation
  • 2.2.2 The impact of part-time work on women’s labour market status
  • 2.3 Reconciliation and gender (in)equality
  • 2.4 The importance of childcare
  • 2.5 Conclusion
  • 3 Part-time/flexible work
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Part-time work
  • 3.2.1 Rights to work (or to request to work) part time
  • 3.2.2 Restrictions on the timing of requests to work part time
  • 3.2.3 Restrictions on ‘part-time’ working hours
  • 3.2.4 Restricting the right to work part time on the basis of the employer’s interests
  • 3.2.5 Collectively agreed rights to part-time working arrangements
  • 3.2.6 Returning to full-time work
  • 3.3 The organisation of working time
  • 3.4 Remote working/homeworking
  • 3.5 Uptake of part-time work/flexible working
  • 3.6 Conclusion
  • 4 Sharing leave
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Maternity leave
  • 4.2.1 Shared leave
  • 4.2.2 Part-time leave
  • 4.3 Paternity leave
  • 4.3.1 Shared leave
  • 4.3.2 Part-time leave
  • 4.4 Parental leave
  • 4.4.1 Ordinary and additional ‘parental leave’
  • 4.4.2 Additional child-related leave
  • 4.4.3 Part-time leave
  • 4.5 Uptake of leave
  • 4.6 Conclusion
  • 5 Care leaves
  • 5.1 Care leaves
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 6 Leave, working arrangements and labour-market equality
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Labour-market participation
  • 6.3 Part-time working arrangements
  • 6.4 Conclusions