• O. Introduction
  • 1. Methodology and Working Definitions
  • 1.1 Methodology for the National-level Research
  • 1.2 Methodology for the Local-level Research
  • 1.3 Challenges and Mitigating Strategies
  • 1.4 Working Definitions
  • 1.5 References for Conducting Research with Children
  • 1.6 References for Working Definitions
  • 2. Typology of Child Begging Situations
  • 2.1 Legal and Social Typology
  • 2.2 Child Begging According to Begging Activities and Age Groups
  • 2.3 Trafficking in Children for the Purpose of Begging and Exploitation through Begging
  • 2.4 Child Begging As a (Family) Survival Strategy
  • 2.5 Presence Identified of Children Begging of Different Origins in Countries under Study
  • 2.6 Estimated Extent of Child Begging in the Fifteen Countries under Study
  • 2.7 Classification of Involvement in Begging Activities According to Country
  • 2.8 What is the Typology and Why Is it Important?
  • 2.9 The Impact of Child Begging on the Establishment of Negative Stereotypes against SpecificCommunities or Groups
  • 3. Coverage of International Instruments of the Recurrent Types of Child Begging Situations
  • 3.1 Lex Generalis
  • 3.2 Lex Specialis
  • 3.3 European Union Law
  • 3.4 EU Policy Documents
  • 3.5 Selected issue: General Bans on Begging of Any sort
  • 3.6 Selected Issue: Exploitation of Child Begging by Parents/Guardians
  • 3.7 Selected Issue: Child Begging and Roma
  • 3.8 Typology of Child Begging Situations and Legal Categories Covered by International Instruments
  • 3.9 Annex: Ratification Status of Key Human Rights Instruments in Countries under Study
  • 4. National and Local Responses to Child Begging
  • 4.1 Country Section - Albania
  • 4.2 Austria
  • 4.3 Bulgaria
  • 4.4 Denmark
  • 4.5 France
  • 4.6 Germany
  • 4.7 Greece
  • 4.8 Hungary
  • 4.9 Italy
  • 4.10 Kosovo
  • 4.11 Poland
  • 4.12 Romania
  • 4.13 Spain
  • 4.14 Sweden
  • 4.15 UK
  • 5. Comparative Analysis of National and Local Responses to Child Begging
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  • 6. Identification of Good Practices
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  • 7. General Conclusions
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