• TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • LIST OF TABLES
  • SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION
  • 1. REPRESSIVE REGIMES IN EU MEMBER STATES
  • 1. 2. Period and duration of repressive regimes
  • 1.3 Type and nature of the crimes committed
  • 2. MODELS OF TRANSITION
  • 2.1. Paradigmatic examples of the main characteristics of the transition process
  • 2.2. Kind of measures adopted
  • 3. LEGAL INSTRUMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN ADOPTED TO DEAL WITH THE LEGACY OF THE REPRESSIVE PAST
  • 3.1 General legislation on the legacy of totalitarian regime
  • 3.1.1. Laws condemning the previous repressive regime
  • 3.2 Competent authorities and bodies to implement the specific legal instruments or in charge of these issues
  • 3.2.1 Official bodies (Governmental or other regional institutions)
  • 3.2.2 Non Governmental Organizations
  • 3.2.3 Other type of institutions (research centers and institutes, museums)
  • 3.3 Legislation on publicly condoning, denying or grossly trivialising crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes directed against a group of persons defined by reference to criteria other than race, colour, religion, descent or national or ethnic origin, such as social status or political conviction
  • 4. JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS
  • 4.1 Identification of victims
  • 4.1.1 Legal definition of victims
  • 4.1.2 Measures for identification and location of victims (exhumations and inhumations etc.)
  • 4.2. Material Reparation Measures
  • 4.2.1 Personal rehabilitation
  • 4.2.2 Compensations, idemnities, subsidies, packages, etc,
  • 4.2.3 Restitution of property
  • 4.2.4 International schemes for compensations
  • 4.3 Symbolic reparations
  • 4.3.1 Memorials (on exhumations and inhumations, public ceremonies, monuments established in memory of the victims, etc.)
  • 4.3.2 Public, institutional or other type of apologies and declarations or acknowledgment of wrongdoing (such as copies of truth commission’s reports, list of names of victims, personal letters of apology, etc.)
  • 4.4 Non-regulatory measures to support victims; f