• 1 Management Summary
  • 1.1 Study Objectives
  • 1.2 Border Management
  • 1.3 Common EU legal basis and strategy
  • 1.4 Common instruments
  • 1.5 Approved Action plan, still to apply
  • 1.6 Study Findings
  • 1.7 Need for improvement
  • 1.8 Recommendations
  • 2 Introduction to the study
  • 2.1 Description of the study and main objectives
  • 2.2 Context of the study
  • 2.3 Study methodology
  • 3 Powers of border guards
  • 33.1 Section summary
  • 3.2 Chain of prerogatives
  • 3.3 Border control services
  • 3.4 Executive powers per country
  • 4 Operations in other countries
  • 4.1 Section summary
  • 4.2 Border control and return
  • 4.3 Other examples of cooperation
  • 5 Comparative analysis of legal rules
  • 5.1 Section summary
  • 5.2 German approach
  • 5.3 Requirement of international agreement
  • 5.4 Pros and cons
  • 5.5 Analysis per specific executive power
  • 6 Assessment of requirements and barriers
  • 6.1 Section summary
  • 6.2 Synoptic table
  • 6.3 Typology of legal requirements
  • 6.4 Requirement of nationality
  • 6.5 Language requirement
  • 6.6 Constitutional Conferment of executive powers
  • 6.7 Specific provisions concerning the exercise of executive powers by national officers abroad
  • 6.8 Other requirements
  • 6.9 Legal analysis within the Community context
  • 7 Need for improvement
  • 7.1 Section summary
  • 7.2 Need for a legal basis
  • 7.3 Solidarity vs Subsidiarity
  • 7.4 Recommendations
  • 8 Conclusions
  • 9 Bibliography
  • 10 Annexes
  • 10.1 CD-ROM
  • 10.2 Study framework and methodology
  • 10.3 Overview of main border control services per country
  • 10.4 Border Control cooperation between the US and Canada
  • 10.5 Glossary
  • 10.6 Table of Acronyms
  • 10.7 Table on Public Authority Tasks
  • 10.8 Overview of agreements